BBC School Report

Rhinos and the possible risk of their extinction
By Arian

RhinoBBC

Rhino population   (AFP)

Over the past few years rhinos have had a decline in population; however now in 2017 people are starting to worry about the extinction of the rhinos. This will show the population of rhinos throughout the past 120 years:

  • 1900- 900,000 rhinos
  • 1920- 400,000 rhinos
  • 1940- 200,000 rhinos
  • 1960- 100,000 rhinos
  • 1980- 60,000 rhinos
  • 2000- 40,000 rhinos

This shows the amount of rhinos left of each species:

  • Black rhino- 5,040-5,458
  • White rhino- 19,666-21,085
  • Greater one horned rhino- 3,500+
  • Sumatran rhino- 100
  • Javan rhino- 61-63

It is said that 7 species of rhino are at critical risk of extinction . In our current time there are fewer than 35,000 rhinos still left in the wild and each day they fight for survival from us, the poachers.

Rhinos being poached

The primary reason for most rhino deaths is due to poaching. Poachers have killed thousands of rhinos and have alarmed many people. However, as hard as people try each year, poachers do not give up on harming innocent rhinos. This shows the amount of rhinos poached in South Africa throughout the past 10 years:

  • 2007-13
  • 2008-83
  • 2009-122
  • 2010-333
  • 2011-448
  • 2012-668
  • 2013-1004
  • 2014-1215
  • 2015-1175

The main places where rhinos are poached are Asia and Africa, because that is where you can sell the horns for more money.

Why are rhinos poached?

RhinoBBC2

 

 This picture above shows 21 rhino horns at 300kg worth over $5 million transported from Ethiopia to Thailand. (AFP)

Poachers poach rhinos for their horn. 1kg of a rhino horn is worth $60,000, and although it is illegal to buy and sell rhino horns, people still do it obtain what they desire. Rhino horns are used in Chinese medicines or to show your wealth. According to traditional Chinese texts, such as Li Shih-chen’s 1597 medical text “Pen Ts’ ao Kang Mu”, rhino horn has been used in Chinese medicine for more than 2000 years and is used to treat fever, rheumatism, gout, and other disorders. Also it is said that the horn could also cure snakebites, hallucinations, typhoid, headaches, carbuncles, vomiting and food poisoning. Some people in Vietnam also believe that the horn can cure cancer and has joined in buying rhino horns.

Synthetic rhino horns

Scientists have been trying different ways of saving rhinos, but finally think they have found a solution. They have been taking DNA from the animal and have been making synthetic rhino horns. Scientists have also done this for elephant ivory and lion bones. They think it can be a substitute from just killing a rhino a stealing its horn, however many of the people who buy the item find a difference between the real one and the fake. They say that it does not have the features or quality of the real one and have said they would like to go back and hunt for more real rhino horns. In addition to this rhino charities are against this because they say it increases demand for the real thing.

What do people think about rhinos being poached?

Many of the people that I have interviewed have said they have been hurt by the statistics they have heard about rhino deaths and would like to stop it as soon as possible.

One person I have interviewed has said “Poaching is a serious problem and needs to be stopped as soon as possible.”

Conclusion

In conclusion many people have been hurt or affected by the decline in rhinos and are doing all they can to stop it, from supporting rhino charities to making synthetic rhino horns. (AP)

RhinoBBC3

 

The impact of Phones and Social Media on everyday life
By Philip

SMBBC2

Social Media is a great way to catch up with people, let people know how you are doing as well as communicate with people far away or at their home. Social Media and technology in general has had a great impact on our lives, both positive as well as negative. Nowadays, people use technology too frequently, which can have negative side-effects. Though it can be useful, this article exploits the negative aspect of modern technology and Social Media problems.

Let’s begin by talking about short term and long term effects. The short term effects can be easily fixed, for example just by resting your eyes for a bit, your headache will go away. Short term effects such as headache, sore neck, finger cramps, etc. are easily solved by simply putting your phone down and taking a break. Go outside for a walk or relax and have a stretch. Limiting your phone times may help, but I’ll explain more of that later. A long term effect could potentially affect you permanently, meaning you may have to live with it for the rest of your life. An example of a long term effect would be eye strain, which can be short term but if left for too long can develop into vision blurring. If you think this may be the case, I suggest you consult an ophthalmologist.

Furthermore, many people have developed a new condition which is only possible because of the invention of smartphones. It’s called nomophobia (short for no-mobile phobia). As you can tell, this is a fear of not having your phone or losing it. This can be quite an irrational fear, though fearing you’ve lost your phone can be understandable. Nevertheless, people with extreme cases cannot go a few minutes without checking their phone is there. People, however, are beginning to think that nomophobia is more of an anxiety disorder rather than an actual fear.

In addition to this, there is another, more common condition which affects people worldwide called the Phantom Pocket Vibration Syndrome. This isn’t as serious as nomophobia but is still a condition caused by our mobile phones. This condition makes you think that your phone is vibrating when, in reality, isn’t. Many people suffer from this, though it hasn’t been known to cause serious problems. You may feel the sensation of your phone vibrating in your pocket due to our bodies getting used to the vibrating feeling of our mobiles.

Moving onto a more serious topic, a worrying amount of teenagers are becoming more prone to loneliness due to less interaction between other friends and family. This is because many young adults, when they feel lonely, turn to social media in hopes of finding something fun to do or somebody to talk with. Although it is not necessarily a bad thing, it is proven to increase the chances of feeling socially isolated. By seeing somebody happy online, it makes the viewer feel bad for not enjoying themselves as much. In addition to this, they may feel excluded when they see a lively party or an event to which the viewer wasn’t invited to. Elizabeth Miller, professor of paediatrics said in a recent BBC article, “It’s possible that young adults who initially felt socially isolated turned to social media. Or it could be that their increased use of Social Media somehow led to feeling isolated from the real world.”

Recently, another issue has gotten more and more attention and the government is trying to raise awareness for a potentially life-damaging matter. The problem is that too many drivers are making a risky decision and are texting and driving. This can not only put others’ lives in danger but you are also risking your own life because you are distracted and are not looking at the road ahead. Driving requires your undivided attention, and when you are texting whilst driving your attention will be more to your phone rather than the road. Many lives have been permanently ruined due to texting drivers and many deaths have also occurred. The penalty has now been increased, so if you’re caught texting and driving (and it’s not hands-free) you can now be fined £200 and you can get six points on your drivers’ license.

SMBBC3

Please do not attempt 

If you’re reading this (probably a bit guiltily as you keep thinking about how much time you spend on your phone) then you might want to consider limiting your phone time so as to not to suffer from any of the side effects. There are many ways to do this, but I will only write about one of the many methods. There are certain apps which will lock your phone at certain times (this can also be installed on your children’s’ mobile devices) but will only allow you to make emergency calls. Hopefully this may lead to a happier and healthier life and will bring your family closer together once again.

 

How Music Is Affecting People
By Evan

MusicBBC

Music affects people of all ages in different ways. Whether it helps people through depression, or is just something that plays in the car, it affects all of us in different ways.

People

Everyone is affected by music and sound, sometimes without knowing it, just one song on the radio can make you happy or sad. Some songs may also affect people differently to others; we hear music in different places and associate them with different events. Sound as a whole can affect people; it can damage your ears, give you a headache or relax you.

Personality

Music can tell us a lot about a person: how they speak to people, their views and their personality. After interviewing 15 students, it has been shown that 40% of people listen to pop, 27% listen to classic, 13% listen to rock and 20% of people listen to rap – . Music is more than just something that we listen to; it is an expression of who we are and is used in many ways which benefit all kinds of people.

Therapy and depression

Music can help people relax and calm down and has been used a lot in therapy; certain genres of music may help people express themselves and be happy. Recently, it has been discovered that music can help people with dementia. This is because music can be associated with memories,

So therefore it can help unlock memories when played.

Race

Music can come from all across the world and transcend boundaries. There are many genres which are native to certain countries. For example: reggae music originated in Jamaica and Indie music began in the United Kingdom and United States

Overall, it has been shown that music can help people in many different situations like therapy and dementia and is a great thing to have in our lives. It can tell us about people and bring people together.

 

Social Media and Its Effect on Body Image
By Rosie

SMBBC

Social media, magazines and television cannot be escaped in the modern world. Influential online people like reality stars, youtubers and singers are all changing the way we look at our bodies, mostly in a negative way. 90% of girls (surveyed from a Dove Global Study) aged 15-17 say that they would change one or more things about their body. One quarter of the girls asked said that they would consider plastic surgery when they are old enough.  Younger children are being impacted by the media as well, 80% of 10 year olds (from a survey conducted by Perfect Illusions) said that they were afraid of being obese in the future.

Images on social media do not reflect reality yet many do not understand this. Numerous people enhance their photos (using easily downloaded editing apps) to make them fit in with the other perfect pictures. As humans, we put our best image forward so much that we are no longer looking at the real world but seeing an enhanced, improved version of our lives. The problem is made worse by the accessibility of beauty filters on apps and games.

Many women constantly judge themselves and compare their bodies to the stars. 89% of 3,452 women (in a 1997 survey) said that they wanted to lose weight. The “ideal” body, which is seen all over social media, is normally below a healthy weight. 13% of the 15-17 year old girls interviewed admitted to having an eating disorder.

Men are also exposed to unrealistic bodies from the news and on social media. Young boys who are playing with action figures are being shown a fake body, which may affect their thoughts on their own bodies. Furthermore; a study (by the Milwaukee School of Engineering) showed that male students who consistently read fitness magazines were not happy with their body. 23% of men have been put off from going to the gym because of their weight or body image. 30% of men said that someone had pointed out an imperfection which they were not happy with. 81% of UK men said they were concerned about their body compared to the 75% of women asked. It may be surprising to see the figures but a greater proportion of men are not comfortable with their body.

Although high school girls are more likely to have a negative view on their body, boys are starting to share their concerns. At one school 40% of boys exercise regularly and nearly all of them (at some point in their life) set themselves a goal of building muscle. “Manly” stereotypes are also a big pressure on boys as many think that going to the gym “makes them a man”.

We need more body diversity in magazines and media that young people view. They need to see that their body is normal and that the pictures posted online are enhanced.

 

Litter and how it affects us
By Holly

LitterBBC

Litter is taking over the world. It is taking over our streets, the country side and schools. It is ruining our world, and how we feel about our planet. Streets are lined with litter of all shapes and sizes, coke cans, crisp packets, gum wrappers and even pizza boxes. People may think that it is okay to drop a single gum wrapper because the street is already crowded with various litters. It is not okay. Every bit of litter dropped all adds up to create a negative image of society. The act of fly-tipping is performed as frequently as every 12 seconds across the UK.

Littering costs tax-payers in excess £500 million annually to clear the streets of England; that statistic does not include parks or other public spaces. 1.3m pieces of rubbish are dropped on Highway roads every weekend (over a year this adds up to a whopping 67.2m pieces of rubbish). When people litter, it encourages other people to litter as the space is already unsanitary and unappealing. Fly-tipping is the name for the act of illegally dumping rubbish or bulky items. Clearing up this mess caused by fly-tipping cost £73.3 million in 2006-2007. The primary reason for fly-tipping is to avoid the fee often needed for waste disposal. But in reality the fine if you’re caught is £400, which is likely to be more than the fee for waste disposal, with an average maximum price of £250. In 2006-2007 authorities in England had dealt with more than 2.6 million fly-tipping incidents, which has increased by 5% from the previous year.

Guerrilla geography is a new unique form of geography. A guerrilla geographer is a person who studies places and the relationships between people and their environment. This study is important in relation to the amount of litter and how it affects us. Guerrilla geography compares the persons surrounding to their emotions. A study was conducted by 12-13 year olds in a High school using guerrilla geography. The results showed that the pupils were more comfortable and felt happier when litter was not present. One of the students told me that they “felt annoyed at the person who left the litter and sad because the litter looked ugly.” The same student said they “felt like I didn’t want to litter when no litter was around”. This shows that people despise litter creating a negative mind-set.

Litter can affects us as humans in many various ways. Property sales can be affected by litter as if the area has a bad reputation for a large amount of littering; people who despise litter are less likely to buy the property. Litter affects our opinion on a place; if a city is advertised as being litter free it would be appealing to us. However if a place is advertised as full of litter you would have a negative image of the city and probably would not want to visit the city.

People litter because they do not feel responsible for public places such as parks and streets, therefore they do not treat these places with the respect that they should. Littering occurs because people know that someone else such as a maintenance worker or responsible neighbour will clear it up for them.

We need to stop littering to save our earth and save ourselves from the negative impact litter has on us.

Puppy Mills
By Drew and Ellie

PMBBC

 

What is a Puppy Mill?

A Puppy Mill is any dog breeding operation where profit is given priority over the well-being of the dogs. The health of the dogs is ignored as long as the breeder is making a large profit.

Information about Puppy Mills

The number of dogs in a puppy mill can vary significantly, ranging from 10 to 1,000 breeding dogs. To receive the largest amount of money, female dogs are bred constantly, with little time to recover between litters. When they are physically can’t reproduce any longer, the females are often put down. The parents of the puppies in the mill are unlikely to make it out alive. Puppy mills usually house dogs in overcrowded and unsanitary conditions, without health care, food, water or socialization with other people or other dogs. Puppy mill dogs do not get to experience treats, toys, exercise or basic cleanliness. Dogs are often kept in cages with wire flooring that injures their paws and legs. Breeding dogs at mills might spend their entire lives outdoors, exposed to the elements, or crammed inside filthy cages where they never get the chance to feel the sun or breathe fresh air.

Consequences for puppies bred in Puppy Mills

Illness and disease are common in dogs from puppy mills, puppies from puppy mills are prone to congenital and hereditary conditions. These include:

  • Epilepsy
  • Heart disease
  • Kidney disease
  • Musculoskeletal disorders (hip dysplasia)
  • Endocrine disorders (diabetes, hyperthyroidism)
  • Blood disorders
  • Deafness
  • Eye problems (cataracts)
  • Respiratory disorders

Behaviour Problems in Puppy Mill Dogs

Scared behaviour and lack of social skills with humans and other animals are common in puppy mill dogs. Puppies born in puppy mills are usually taken away from their litter mates and mothers at just six weeks. The first months of a puppy’s life are a crucial social time for pups. Spending that time with their mother and littermates helps prevent puppies from developing problems like extreme shyness, aggression, fear and anxiety, however, dogs in puppy mills do not get that time.

Tips to help you to avoid buying a dog from a Puppy Mill

Unfortunately not all puppy mills are illegal, however it depends on the quality of care the dog is receiving from the carer. Despite this, puppies do not deserve to be treated how they are treated in puppy mills. Over 2 million puppies are raised in puppy mills annually, which is wrong. They do not deserve to be brought up with little to no clean water, with below minimum amount of food and with no socialisation. This can then mean they are not wanted, which means the breeder will put them down and breed the mother again and again until she is no longer fertile. On top of this, 3 million are killed in shelters because they are too full and there aren’t enough adoptive homes.

Stop Puppy Mills

Many pet store owners will tell you they get all their puppies from a licensed breeder but in fact one of three dogs originally came from a puppy mill. The only way you can be sure that a puppy came from a reliable place is to see where he or she came from yourself. Puppies sold online often come from puppy mills. Responsible breeders would never sell to someone they haven’t met because they want to screen potential buyers to ensure the puppies are going to good, loving homes.

Intelligence – is it destroying the world?
By Mridul

More than 375 years ago, scientist Galileo Galilei proposed the notion that Earth revolves around the Sun which resulted in him being denounced a heretic by the Church. Now in 2017 humans have come to acknowledge his work as fact. However, we are still learning about the Universe and know we have developed technology far more advanced than anything from the Galileo’s time. We have computers which can fit in our pockets and machines to do the work too tedious for humans, but with this abundance of technology, are we damaging our Earth’s sustainability? For example, everyone has heard of ‘global warming’ but not everyone realises the dangerous path pollution is creating and that our planet may be close to its death.

What is sustainability?

In 2005, The World Summit of Social Development proposed aims for sustainable development being: economic development, social development and environmental protection. These three ‘pillars of sustainability’ are all correlated and are dependent on one another, meaning they are not mutually exclusive. In fact without one, the others can’t exist. Most commonly, this information is displayed via 3 ellipses overlapping one another (Environment, Society, and Economy in order of size). For Earth to be sustainable for the human race it requires: a relatively clean atmosphere, an easy supply of healthy water and food (fertile soil for agriculture) and a temperature not too cold or hot for human survival. Society must be reasonable civilised and avoid conflict in most situation. They must operate as a collective group aiming to survive. Finally, for economic sustainability, most of the population should be earning income, meaning more jobs should be accommodated for the population.

Overpopulation

Currently, Earth’s human population is approximately 7.31 billion. In that population, an average of 55.3 million people die annually (death rate: 8/1000 per 1000 people) and 131.4 million people are born every year (birth rate: 19/1000 per 1000 people). As a result the population is growing more rapidly than it is decreasing. The ideal scenario would be a death/birth equilibrium where the death rate and birth rate are the same. In 2030, the world population is estimated to be 8.5 billion. By 2050 it is expected to be 9.7 billion and by 2100 the global population is projected to be 11.2 billion. Imagine the entirety of Earth’s current population enjoyed the European standard of living (which is approximated to be half the resource consumption of an average American citizen) the Earth would only be able to support 2 billion people in a sustainable manner. With an increase of population so dramatic, food production is too slow to feed the global population. Furthermore locations such as Africa receive a lower percentage of food and lack easy to access sources of healthy water causing malnourishment and dehydration. Finally, energy is a key factor. Most energy (94%) comes from non-renewable sources such as fossil fuels (natural gas, oil and coal) and nuclear. Due to the larger quantity of these resources required, depletion will occur much earlier. Fossil fuel reserves are anticipated to diminish in the year 2088.

Environment

Like previously stated, everyone has heard of global warming but will it bring the end of human dominance? The average temperature of earth is increasing at an alarming rate due to carbon dioxide preventing the Sun’s heat from escaping Earth’s atmosphere. Eventually Earth may become uninhabitable as a result of global warming. Other theories suggest Earth’s ocean and all water on Earth will evaporate due to the Sun’s expansion. Others believe we will survive until 7.9 billion years. The Sun will become expand to swallow Mercury, Venus and Earth. Humans may die as a result of dehydration or intense heat. Australian microbiologist Frank Fenner has claimed that mankind will become extinct in a century. This is due to a decline in resources, climate change that humans won’t be able to adapt to and overcrowding.

Deforestation is another large issue that can have a plethora of negative impacts on the environment. For example, millions of animal species will lose their habitats, damaging the eco-system dramatically. In addition, trees are crucial to absorbing the greenhouse gases which drive the process of global warming. A lack of forests means a larger quantity of greenhouse gases will enter the Earth’s atmosphere, increasing the speed of global warming. Finally, they drive climate change. The soil of a rainforest is moist. However, without the protection of the large canopies above, they will dry rapidly.

Stephen Hawking

C1

Acclaimed theoretical physicist Stephen Hawking has stated “It’s time to free ourselves from Mother Earth. I believe that the long-term future of the human race must be in space. It will be difficult enough to avoid disaster on planet Earth in the next hundred years, let alone the next thousand, or million. The human race shouldn’t have all its eggs in one basket, or on one planet. Let’s hope we can avoid dropping the basket until we have spread the load.”

Despite claiming to be an optimist, Hawking clearly states his bleak prediction for the future of humanity. First of all, nuclear warfare assures mutual destruction of at least 2 countries. That could expand to a nuclear apocalypse that ceases human life permanently. With the constant threat of asteroids and war Earth is essentially doomed.

Conclusion

Intelligence is perceived as a good evolution of humanity. However, due to it we have created an industrial society which is leading to mass pollution. Now global warming threatens to cease Earth, deforestation is causing climate change and nuclear warfare assures the destruction of humanity all due to us developing intelligence but also arrogance. We haven’t utilised Earth but abused its offerings and now are trying to prevent the consequences. Ancient tribes and older examples of society valued nature and were comfortable with what they had but due to our desire for more efficient technology we have sacrificed sustainability. The current generation may not live to see Earth’s destruction but may be the cause if nothing is done.

C2

Sources: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sustainability

http://bigthink.com/dangerous-ideas/5-stephen-hawkings-warning-abandon-earth-or-face-extinction

Anxiety
By Katie

Anxiety 2

Many people suffer from anxiety. Anxiety occurs more in women than men. This is because hormonal changes and are more prone to stress. It is the feeling of worriedness or unease. When the “danger” passes, your body will release hormones to help your body relax and you might feel a little bit shaky. There is a saying called the fight or flight response which means you can either fight the anxiety or run away and make the anxiety worse. Anxiety can happen because of stress, things that happen in society, having a baby or going to the hospital.

1 in 6 young people get anxiety and 1 in 25 people have anxiety. Many beauty bloggers/ vloggers deal or have dealt with anxiety, due to stress levels rising with in them. Zoe Sugg (Zoella) deals with bad anxiety and has talked about it in many YouTube videos, Blog posts and magazine articles.

Anxiety 3

There are 6 different (main) types of anxiety: panic attacks; generalised anxiety disorder; obsessive-compulsive disorder; phobias; social anxiety disorder or post- traumatic stress disorders. No person’s symptoms are the same. The main one is a panic attack. The symptoms are surge of overwhelming panic, feeling of losing control or you’re going crazy; chest pain; cramps or hyperventilation. OCD (obsessive-compulsive disorder) the description is behaviour that is hard to control or stop. Social anxiety is mainly a fear of being seen negatively by others outside your home, which can also lead to stage fright.

You can control it by doing yoga, getting a full 8 hours (at least) of sleep and eat healthily. Another way is too just take your mind off it by joining clubs (if you can). Or, if it gets really bad, you can go to a therapist or your GP. The alternative way is to go to the doctors, hospital or some therapists will provide some medication to help with the issue you are dealing with. Try and avoid caffeine at all times.

Zoe told Glamour magazine” I would describe anxiety as a little part of your brain that refuses to let you do particular things with ease because of the way it’s programed”

I hope this can help you understand the harsh reality of having anxiety.

 

New album ‘Divide’ smashes top of the charts
By Rebecca

Ed Sheeran’s third album ‘Divide’ hits the top of the charts in over 14 countries.

‘Divide’ is Sheeran’s third album, released three years after his second album ‘Multiply’ in 2014; followed by ‘Plus’ in 2011. Already an astonishing amount of copies have been sold around the world since being produced for digital download on 3rd March.

Two of his songs in his second album ‘X’ ‘(Mutiply’) , “Thinking Out Loud” and “Sing”, topped the charts in 2014. His first two songs from ‘Divide’, “Castle On The Hill” and “Shape Of You”, which were released in January this year, hit the top of the charts in the first day of release. “Shape Of You” has become the most spun track in the history of the US Top 40, topped the iTunes charts in more than 100 countries and broken streaming records around the world. The artist himself, aged 26, buzzed: “I’m incredibly chuffed that they’ve gone straight in at number one and two today”. He is unbelievably the first artist to have two songs at the top of the chart simultaneously.

Sheeran even surprisingly beat Drake’s one-week streaming record for ‘One Dance’, which reached to 8.9 million plays in one week once it was released last Summer, with each of his newly-released songs. Moreover, he also had the biggest opening week for an artist since Adele’s November 2015 return with her record-breaking song “Hello”.

The album released this month has reached number 1 in 14 countries including the UK. An astonishing 232,000 copies were sold in the first day and all 16 of the albums tracks are in the Official Singles Chart Top 20. “Galway Girl” currently takes the lead on the Spotify charts, standing as number 1 in the top 200 throughout the UK . “Shape Of You” and “Castle On The Hill” follow, and 9 of his album’s songs run simultaneously at the top of the charts on Spotify.  Additionally, “Shape Of You” is currently number 1 on the GLOBAL charts.

Ed Sheeran commented: “Wow! What a phenomenal week. To everyone who’s bought the album – thank you. I’m buzzing!”

Many of his new tracks on his ‘÷’ are aimed at his partner, Cherry Seaborn, a hockey star from Suffolk. “Castle On The Hill” is focused on his life in Suffolk as a teen and the friendships he made in his young years. “Supermarket Flowers” is a song he wrote followed by the recent death of his grandma.

OCC chief executive Martin Talbot said: “÷ has generated 79,000 album streams. It is an absolute outlier”.

The record even topped the charts in a further ten countries: Austria, Belgium, Denmark, Finland, Germany, Italy, Norway, Scotland and Sweden.

Many fans think his next album will be called either ‘subtract/minus’, following on from his previous mathematics-based album names: ‘plus’, ‘multiply’ and his current winning hit ‘divide’.

What’s next- Ed?

 

Stereotypes: How does it affect people?
By Gracie

Sterotypes 1

Stereotypes are when we categorise people to make it easier to memorise them. We do this naturally as it is efficient and predicts the social world around us. Also many use it as a way to make themselves feel better and make others feel worse. Our minds form assumptions and stereotypes about a group of people or one person. A stereotype is something repeated something referring to a fixed general pattern. Stereotypes are there to generalise everyone.

Stereotyping can affect people and result in treating each other in a different way. If one person is stereotyped by someone else in a negative format, it can lead to that person being treated negatively by everyone just because of an incorrect assumption. Using stereotypes make incorrect assumptions about other people based on the way they look, act, dress, their size or the way they choose to be.

There are many different types of people that get stereotyped such as the elderly and the young. Typically they stereotype each other and sometime make each other feel worse. Stereotypes occur all over the world in every country, every city and everywhere in between. Mostly it happens around school and in social groups. People stereotype to make themselves feel better. Stereotypes happen everywhere as there are so many different types.

One advantage of a stereotype is that it enables us to respond rapidly. One disadvantage is that it makes us ignore differences between individuals and the personalities within those people.

Some stereotypes on elderly people are positive, some examples are that wisdom comes with age and that experience results in good sense. Other stereotypes of elderly people are negative, there are assumptions that they are stuck in another time and that they can’t understand and are out of touch with now.

Some stereotypes on young people are that they as a group hang out around shops and in alleyways. It is said that young people drink too much, they don’t make good life choices, have no boundaries, waste their parents money on drugs or general rubbish, lazy and when one does something good they should be raised above all as its rare.

A different type of stereotype is when it is against a gender, like for example girls can’t play rugby or football and boys can’t play netball, softball or lacrosse. This is not true as anyone should be free to play or do/ have a hobby in anything they want, they should not be judged on what they like. Personally I play rugby and I have heard of cases where my friends have been told they can’t play rugby because of their gender, however, I haven’t yet been told I can’t play rugby.

When you stereotype anyone maybe you need to think first what you say as it can be very offensive or damaging to that person even if stereotyping does make your life easier you need to understand the effects it might have. Even though we aren’t different, we are still our own people and should be able to express who we are however we want to without being judged by others.

I hope that this has helped you understand what stereotypes are and how they affect people.

Please don’t stereotype as it can affect people badly… Thank you for reading

 

Litter Is Killing Our Wildlife
By Zoë

How bad is litter for the environment?

Litter is nothing but a piece of waste or rubbish that has been disposed of improperly and littering simply means you throw away an object on the ground. But did you ever think it could be dangerous?

Every day over 2 million items of litter are dropped on our beaches and fields. It is ruining the natural beauty of our landscapes and natural wonders of the world. But that’s not the only thing…

Some of the rubbish isn’t just in the fields but on the streets too! And worst of all it is all really close to a bin. Let me show you why putting the rubbish in the bin is so important.

Litter 1

Why do we need to be aware?

It’s not just humans impacted by rubbish, the wildlife is too.

Take this for example: over one million sea birds are affected by marine debris every year. When people drop litter, they are never intentionally harming the wildlife – but think before you drop something on the floor, what could be the consequences? 50% of rubbish are cigarette butts and most are normally still alight.

The amount of litter that you throw away is costing the litter pick up companies billions of pounds and maybe if we didn’t throw our litter on the floor they wouldn’t be needed in the first place.

How does it affect marine life?

We are dropping so much litter into the ocean that it is having a massive impact on the ocean life. The turtles are the most affected and this is why.

9 billion tons of litter is being deposited into the sea! That is roughly 5 cars worth of rubbish. This is incredibly dangerous for the poor turtles and fish that inhabit our beautiful oceans. The effects of it are tragic and heart breaking. 86% of all marine turtles are hurt or even killed by litter every year and that goes for fish too. The reason this happens is because when you throw harmless plastic bags the turtles think it is food and they will eat it and suffocate as it gets stuck.

Litter 2

Why do supermarkets charge for plastic bags?

Over the past year or so shops like Tesco, Sainsbury’s and Asda have created a method of reducing the amount of plastic bag usage and makes people reuse them rather than buying new one each time.

This is decreasing the chances of them being disposed in the wrong places. It can take up to a decade for a plastic bag to fully decompose and not be danger to wildlife. Things like landfills and dumps are seen as a good place to dispose of your plastic bags. And it is, but if your plastic bag isn’t broken or hasn’t got a hole in, it is perfectly reusable to use at the supermarket again.

This can help by not endangering the stray animals and marine life and keeps them safe and protected from the debris.

Is it simply out of laziness?

Yes it is. The people who just can’t be bothered to dispose of something in the proper way. Industrial companies not thinking about the environment and how it really affects the area.

Just think will the things you are doing have bad or good consequences or any at all? What sort of impact will it have? Can you stop something that could be avoided completely?

 

The dangers of riding a bike without a helmet
By Archie

Many people overlook wearing a bicycle helmet at the moment for various reason. However, it can be a lot more dangerous than people think, because if even if they think that they are a safe on the road, the drivers and pedestrians around you may not be.

From where do helmets originate?

From the early days of cycling (1860’s) there have been head injuries. With roads being paved, head injuries increased with asphalt and macadam roads being unforgivable crash surfaces. People started realising that they had to do something about it, so they started wearing helmets. The first helmets weren’t that protective, being made of leather, but they still better than nothing. They only became mandatory after Andrei Kiviley died in 2003.

Why don’t people wear them?

Some people think that helmets are unnecessary for different reasons. Some people don’t want to mess up their hair; some people think they are useless because they never crash even though in many circumstances, it isn’t their fault. Some people think they are overpriced and even if they did crash, their head would be okay. However, there have been many cases of severe head injuries in cycling.

Why you should wear a helmet?

It is important to wear a helmet because you never know what you may come across on your ride. If you are riding along the beach then there could be a dog that is off its lead. It may not know to stop for you and you would likely go over your handlebar and land on the floor with head and possibly spinal injuries. One of the worst things that happened in cycling was when Andrei Kiviley, a professional road cyclist from Kazakhstan, died due to head injuries in Paris-Nice in March 2003. Another example that is more likely to happen to a member of the public is when a child knocked a person off their bike and they flew off their bike and the bike landed on their helmet. The cyclist had to have stiches in the arms but the doctor said that their head probably would have cracked if they didn’t have their helmet. It may well have saved their life.

Summary

In conclusion, next time you ride on your bike and you think to yourself, a helmet will just break if I crash then think, I can get a new helmet but I can’t get a new head. Therefore, there is no doubt that wearing a bicycle helmet is safer and better than not wearing one.

 

How are Mobile Phones damaging our social lives?
By Tom

Mobile phones are the invention of the century. Over the years, it has transformed from technological revolution, to a tool, to a necessity.  But are mobile phones helping us communicate, or bringing us further apart? People feel more socially attached to their phones than they do to their surroundings. Will mobile phones take over our modern life, or is there a way to stop it?

Mobile Phones – are they tearing us further apart?

In the modern age that we live in today, people break up relationships over text messages, spend their money online and put all of their faith into insecure online platforms like social media. They are often always on their mobile phones, as they feel that they are managing their entire social life from their phone. Younger people often tend to send many more text messages than older people.

People who grow up in the modern generation have grown up with almost constant access to the technology around them. After saying goodbye to their friend, they can almost instantly be continuing their conversation online over text messages, or by talking over the phone. These people have grown up able to maintain and grow their social relationships all from a device that can fit in their pocket. Due to 80% of young people saying that texting is their preferred form of contact with their friends, it is hardly surprising that people feel so attached to their mobile phones. Also, many people have mobile phones at the age of 10, meaning that people have their own phones at an increasingly younger age.

However, mobile phones are not just helping us get together; often, people engaging themselves with their devices are socially awkward when meeting people – with whom they would usually be open and chatty– due to the fact that they are meeting them in person. Also, engaging in social activity online can often render their surroundings unimportant to them, which can be viewed as antisocial to people around them. For this reason, it is not a good idea for people to be on mobile devices around other people, as it can make people seem unfriendly towards the people who are around them. Real people around you should have priority over someone that you are talking to on the phone.

But how do mobile phones affect us psychologically?

Phantom Vibration syndrome is the belief or perception that a mobile phone is ringing when it is not ringing. It is classed as tactile hallucination – when people feel physical contact with an imaginary object or with a sensation. This often occurs whilst taking a shower or using a noisy device, which usually stimulates the vibrations. It is most common whilst using a phone set to vibration notifications. The core cause of Phantom Vibration is currently unknown, but it is suggested that it is caused by over exposure to one’s mobile phone. On average, it takes 1 month to a year for the vibrations to develop. Research has been conducted at a college – by Michelle Drouin – who has produced a conclusion that 9 in 10 college students experience phantom vibration. There is little research for a cure for the vibrations, but turning off vibrations commonly works. Most people experience phantom vibration once or twice a week, but the minority of people can have it affect them daily.

How can mobile phones affect our lives?

Whilst mobile phones are an incredible invention, and a very useful tool, sometimes they can harm our lives more than they improve them. For example, your social life can be affected if you say something which is meant as a joke, but can actually sound very offensive. The mobile phone also brings on a new form of bullying, which results in negative effect for people and society.

Will the dominance of mobile phones ever end?

Mobile phones are a large part of our modern lives. We are always trying to attach things to our phones; our bank details, our shopping. Since the very first iPhone released in 2007, smart and touchscreen technology has escalated incredibly. Many people are entirely dependent on their phones, and may have their heart skip a beat when they misplace their phone. Due to people being so reliant on their mobile phones, it is very unlikely that the rule of mobile devices will ever end.

Conclusion

It is unlikely that we can eradicate the issues brought on by mobile phones entirely, but we can work with them to improve what we currently have to live with. There are some things which cannot be prevented and we had to accept that in order to move on. You merely need to realise that it is not always necessary to socialise over texts when you can talk to somebody in person.

Sources:

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Phantom_vibration_syndrome

https://www.entrepreneur.com/article/290384